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File: fwphp/glomodul/blog/msgmkd/altervista005.txt
Role: Documentation
Content type: text/plain
Description: Documentation
Class: B12 PHP FW
Manage database records with a PDO CRUD interface
Author: By
Last change: ver 7.0.1 mnu, msg, mkd FUNCTIONAL namespaces, CRUD PDO trait, pretty URL-s
Date: 3 months ago
Size: 10,774 bytes
 

Contents

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5\. CRUD simple table (ID, ...some data) PDO SQLite
===================================================

**[HOME ](http://phporacle.altervista.org/php-oracle-main-menu/)2.Sept.2015 Download - see site\_ver2.rar from my article 9.**

Excellent code to learn object oriented programming, model-view-controller code separation (structured programming), single page application (require scripts, not URL them), most code outside Apache doc root.

**1\. Download sqlitestudio and install DDL below.**

\--\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*
-- sqlite 3
--\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*
/\*
SELECT \* FROM message ;
select \* from zodiac ;
\*/

/\*
http://dev:8083/test/books/a01cookbook/tema.php
J:\\dev\_web\\htdocs\\test\\books\\a01cookbook\\tema.php

sqlite db is: J:\\dev\_web\\htdocs\\test\\books\\a01cookbook\\tema.sqlite
                                         
SELFJOIN TABLE :
   1. C INSERT frm data, 
   2. R DISPLAY tbl, row, 
   3. V VALIDATE, E set\_exception\_handler 
Not neccessarily here:
U UPDATE and D DELETE WITH J:\\aplp\\aplp\\sqlitestudio\\SQLiteStudio.exe

TEME (msgs-PORUKE I replays-ODGOVORI) SELFJOIN
TEME (msgs-PORUKE I replays-ODGOVORI) SELFJOIN
----------------------------------------------------------------
5 KEYS: id,thread\_id,parent\_id,level,thread\_pos
----------------------------------------------------------------
1 1 0 0 0   TEMA1 (thread1) by ss @ 2015-03-25 00:41 (99 bytes)
2 1 1 1 1     funkcije by ss @ 2015-03-25 00:42 (242 bytes)
3 1 2 2 2       funkcija save() by ss @ 2015-03-25 00:52 (1335 bytes)
6 1 2 2 3       funkcija frm\_post() by ss @ 2015-03-25 19:29 (303 bytes) 

4 2 0 0 0   TEMA2 CRUD ?ifrarnika sqlite3 by ss ...

5 3 0 0 0   TEMA3 MAPE web servera by ss ...
\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_
Otvoriti novu temu (nit, thread)


\*/

-- sqlite db: J:\\dev\_web\\htdocs\\test\\books\\a01cookbook\\tema.sqlite
CREATE TABLE message (
  id          INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT,
  posted\_on   DATETIME NOT NULL,
  author      CHAR(255),
  subject     CHAR(255),
  body        MEDIUMTEXT,
  thread\_id   INT UNSIGNED NOT NULL,
  parent\_id   INT UNSIGNED NOT NULL,
  level INT   UNSIGNED     NOT NULL,
  thread\_pos  INT UNSIGNED NOT NULL
);



--sqlite db: J:\\dev\_web\\htdocs\\test\\books\\a01cookbook\\zodiac.sqlite
CREATE TABLE zodiac (
  id          INT UNSIGNED NOT NULL,
  sign        CHAR(11),
  symbol      CHAR(13),
  planet      CHAR(7),
  element     CHAR(5),
  start\_month TINYINT,
  start\_day   TINYINT,
  end\_month   TINYINT,
  end\_day     TINYINT,
  PRIMARY KEY(id)
)
;

INSERT INTO zodiac VALUES (1,'Aries','Ram','Mars','fire',3,21,4,19);
INSERT INTO zodiac VALUES (2,'Taurus','Bull','Venus','earth',4,20,5,20);
INSERT INTO zodiac VALUES (3,'Gemini','Twins','Mercury','air',5,21,6,21);
INSERT INTO zodiac VALUES (4,'Cancer','Crab','Moon','water',6,22,7,22);
INSERT INTO zodiac VALUES (5,'Leo','Lion','Sun','fire',7,23,8,22);
INSERT INTO zodiac VALUES (6,'Virgo','Virgin','Mercury','earth',8,23,9,22);
INSERT INTO zodiac VALUES (7,'Libra','Scales','Venus','air',9,23,10,23);
INSERT INTO zodiac VALUES (8,'Scorpio','Scorpion','Mars','water',10,24,11,21);
INSERT INTO zodiac VALUES (9,'Sagittarius','Archer','Jupiter','fire',11,22,12,21);
INSERT INTO zodiac VALUES (10,'Capricorn','Goat','Saturn','earth',12,22,1,19);
INSERT INTO zodiac VALUES (11,'Aquarius','Water Carrier','Uranus','air',1,20,2,18);
INSERT INTO zodiac VALUES (12,'Pisces','Fishes','Neptune','water',2,19,3,20);

**2\. Controller and view ~ 120 lines :  
**

<php
// http://dev:8083/test/books/a01cookbook/
// J:\\dev\_web\\htdocs\\test\\books\\a01cookbook\\zodiac.php

    // \*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*
    // 1. M O D E L - file where b u i l d\_ q u e r y ( )  is defined
    // \*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*
$fields = array(
   'sign'
 , 'symbol'
 , 'planet'
 , 'element'
 , 'start\_month'
 , 'start\_day'
 , 'end\_month'
 , 'end\_day'
);
$lbls = array(
    'Znak'
  , 'Simbol'
  , 'Planeta'
  , 'Element'
  , 'Od mjeseca'
  , 'Od dana'
  , 'Do mjeseca'
  , 'Do dana'
);

**include \_\_DIR\_\_ . '/mdl.php';**
$db = new PDO('sqlite:zodiac.sqlite');
$db->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR\_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE\_EXCEPTION);


    // \*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*
    // 2. C O N T R O L L E R
    // \*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*
$cmd = isset($\_REQUEST\['cmd'\])  $\_REQUEST\['cmd'\] : 'show';
switch ($cmd) 
{
   case 'edit':
       try {
          $st = $db->prepare('SELECT ' . implode(',',$fields) .
                             ' FROM zodiac WHERE id = ');
          $st->execute(array($\_GET\['id'\]));
          $row = $st->fetch(PDO::FETCH\_ASSOC);
       } catch (Exception $e) {
           $row = array();
       }
   case 'add':
           print '<form method="post" action="' .
                 htmlentities($\_SERVER\['PHP\_SELF'\]) . '">';
           print '<input type="hidden" name="cmd" value="save">';
           
           print '<table>';
           
           if ('edit' == $cmd) {
               printf('<input type="hidden" name="id" value="%d">',
                      $\_GET\['id'\]);
           }
           foreach ($fields as $field) {
               if ('edit' == $cmd) {
                  $value = htmlentities($row\[$field\]);
               } else {
                   $value = '';
               }
               printf('<tr><td>%s: </td><td><input type="text" name="%s" value="%s">',
                      $field, $field, $value);
               printf('</td></tr>');
           }
           print '<tr>
                <td></td>
                <td><input type="submit" value="Save"></td>
              </tr>';
           
           print '</table></form>';
           break;
   case 'save':
           try {
             $st = build\_query($db,'id',$fields,'zodiac');
             print 'Added info.';
           } catch (Exception $e) {
             print "Couldn't add info: " . htmlentities($e->getMessage());
           }
           print '<hr>';
   case 'show':
          // \*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*
          // 3. V I E W - P A G I N A T O R
          // \*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*\*
       default:
           $self = htmlentities($\_SERVER\['PHP\_SELF'\]);
           
           /\* without P A G I N A T O R :
           foreach ($db->query('SELECT id,sign FROM zodiac') as $row) {
               printf('<li> <a href="%scmd=edit&id=%s">%s</a>',
                      $self,$row\['id'\],htmlentities($row\['sign'\]));
           }
           \*/
      $offset = isset($\_GET\['offset'\])  intval($\_GET\['offset'\]) : 1;
      if (! $offset) { $offset = 1; }
      $per\_page = 10;
      $total = $db->query('SELECT COUNT(\*) FROM zodiac')->fetchColumn(0);
      $limitedSQL = 'SELECT \* FROM zodiac ORDER BY id ' .
                    "LIMIT $per\_page OFFSET " . ($offset-1);
      $lastRowNumber = $offset - 1;

           print '<a href="'.$self.'cmd=add">Dodati redak</a><hr />';
           print '<ol>';
      foreach ($db->query($limitedSQL) as $row) {
          $lastRowNumber++;
          //print "{$row\['sign'\]}"
          
          printf('<li> <a href="%scmd=edit&id=%s">%s</a>',
                      $self,$row\['id'\],htmlentities($row\['sign'\]));
          echo ", {$row\['symbol'\]} ({$row\['id'\]}) <br/>\\n";
      }
          print '</ol>';
      //
      indexed\_links($total,$offset,$per\_page);
      print "<br/>";
      print "(Prikazani retci $offset - $lastRowNumber od $total)";
           //
           break;
} // e n d 
 s w i t c h

**3\. Model- universal code ~ 70 lines :**

 <php
function build\_query($db, $key\_field, $fields, $table) {
    $values = array();
    if (! empty($\_POST\[$key\_field\])) {
        $update\_fields = array();
        foreach ($fields as $field) {
            $update\_fields\[\] = "$field = ";
            // Assume data is coming from a form
            $values\[\] = $\_POST\[$field\];
        }
        // Add the key field's value to the $values array
        $values\[\] = $\_POST\[$key\_field\];
        $st = $db->prepare("UPDATE $table SET " .
                   implode(',', $update\_fields) .
                   "WHERE $key\_field = ");
    } else {
        // Start values off with a unique ID
        // If your DB is set to generate this value, use NULL instead
        $values\[\] = md5(uniqid());
        $placeholders = array('');
        foreach ($fields as $field) {
            // One placeholder per field
            $placeholders\[\] = '';
            // Assume the data is coming from a form
            $values\[\] = $\_POST\[$field\];
        }
        $st = $db->prepare(
           "INSERT INTO $table ($key\_field," .
              implode(',',$fields) . ') VALUES ('.
              implode(',',$placeholders) .')');
    }
    $st->execute($values);
    return $st;
}

function print\_link($inactive,$text,$offset='') {
    if ($inactive) {
        print "<span class='inactive'>$text</span>";
    } else {
        print "<span class='active'>".
              "<a href='" . htmlentities($\_SERVER\['PHP\_SELF'\]) .
              "offset=$offset'>$text</a></span>";
    }
}

function indexed\_links($total,$offset,$per\_page) {
    $separator = ' | ';
    // 
    print\_link($offset == 1, '<< Preth', max(1, $offset - $per\_page));
    // print all groupings except last one
    for ($start = 1, $end = $per\_page;
         $end < $total;
         $start += $per\_page, $end += $per\_page) {
             print $separator;
             print\_link($offset == $start, "$start-$end", $start);
    }
    /\* print the last grouping -
     \* at this point, $start points to the element at the beginning
     \* of the last grouping
     \*/
    /\* the text should only contain a range if there's more than
     \* one element on the last page. For example, the last grouping
     \* of 11 elements with 5 per page should just say "11", not "11-11"
     \*/
    $end = ($total > $start)  "-$total" : '';
    print $separator;
    print\_link($offset == $start, "$start$end", $start);
    // 
    print $separator;
    print\_link($offset == $start, 'Sljed >>',$offset + $per\_page);
}

 kod[ edit]($web_docroot_url/inc/utl/edservertxt.php)[ phpinfo]($web_docroot_url/phpinfo_inc.php) EOKOD; /\* call it so: kod\_edit\_run( $idx // script\_dir\_path , $idxscript // script\_name , MDURL); // web\_docroot\_url = (Apache) web server URL \*/ }
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